Catholics, there's more than you think
For an in depth look Wikipedia is a good source to start the search.
Jesus and the Apostles assumed that Christianity would stay within and become Judaism. Christians would go to the temple and participate and them continue on to practice Christianity with those who were Christians.
This went on for awhile and then the Jews threw the Christians out, lock, stock, and barrel. This meant that Christians had to bring together a complete practice of their faith without participating in Judaism. And additional assumption that was in error was that it was thought that Jesus would be back in their lifetime, so much of the nuts and bolts of Judaism was left out. In fact it was commonly urged not to marry or have children. Instead concentrate on your faith.
It became apparent that maybe this was not the right decision. Also there were many, many versions of Christianity. Gnostic was a broad term for those who dealt with knowledge and considered that all in Christianity were equal in the eyes of God.
It became apparent that in the Fourth Century when Constantine the Great considered his vision of a cross, he displayed the emblem during battle and is credited with victory for his Roman army.
Constantine made Christianity the official religion of Rome, but understood that if he was to be Christian, he needed to stabilize the faith and it would be best, in his opinion, if it replicated his authority as emperor of Rome.
This meant standardizing the teachings and the practices and he sent for representatives from the patriarchs of Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem (Greek), and Rome. The first Council of Nicaea (in 325) to stabilize and set standards for Christianity.
Among the Patriarchs' traditions, Rome set itself apart from the rest of the Church and both the Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Patriarchs (Pope in Rome) excommunicated the other. The Pope was second and therefore was excommunicated before any of the Patriarchs were proclaimed excommunicated by the Pope.
In essence, the Orthodox Church has not modernized, whereas Rome has made specific efforts to do so.
The Orthodox Church allows for priest to come into the ordination already married. Married priest may only stay priest. Those that came from being a Monk, not married, can rise through the church and become bishops and some a Patriarch.
The Roman Catholics do not allow for married priests, except if ordained in another denomination and then converts to Catholicism and steps into the role of priest.
EXCEPT: if it is the Eastern side of Roman Catholicism. Everything is identical to the Orthodox Church, including married priests. The only way to tell the difference is during mass (Divine Liturgy) where prayers and blessing are for the Pope, not the Patriarch.
It makes it confusing to Roman Catholics and the Roman Catholic Priests why priest cannot marry. There is a quiet assumption to the concern of inheritance of church property by the descendents of the priests. This is not confirmed, but is assumed the main reason.
|Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord. Psalm 33:12|
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